The Jerusalem Chronology of the Israelite Monarchies

Table of Dates for the Kingdoms of Judah and North Israel

The following table is a quick reference for readers of the JCIM. The notation may be confusing at first, so it will be preceded by an brief explanation.

Because the kings of Judah began their years on the first day of Nisan (roughly the middle of March) and the kings of North Israel began theirs on the first day of Marheshvan (8 months later; roughly the middle of November), a given event, such as the beginning or end of a reign, may begin either between Nisan and Marheshvan, or between Marheshvan and the following Nisan.

This is the source of many of the apparent problems with the chronology of the kings, and at the same time, it is a fact which enables us to pinpoint dates of the Israelite kings with unusual accuracy.

In the following table, a date given as 1/653 refers to the span of time from Nisan 653 until Marheshvan 653. A date of 8/653 refers to the period from Marheshvan 653 until Nisan 654. Dates LM, you will remember, count forward from the Exodus, and begin with the first day of Nisan.

In some cases, it was possible to further pinpoint the dates. For example, Zechariah son of Jeroboam II of North Israel began his reign in 8/706 and reigned for 6 months. This means that the earliest his reign could have been was from Marheshvan (the 8th month 706 to Iyyar (the 2nd month) 707, and the latest it could have been was from Adar (the 12th and last month) 706 to Av (the 5th month) 707. I have indicated this by giving the end of his reign as 2/707, rather than 1/707, since we can exclude the month of Nisan for his death.

Other deviations from either 1/ or 8/ occur for other reasons. Babylonian inscriptions tell us that Jehoiachin was taken captive in the month of Adar, the 12 month, so I have used that value in the table.

Coregencies and other irregularities are explained in the full text of the JCIM.

Dates for the Kings of Israel (LM Calendar)

Kings of Judah Kings of North Israel
Rehoboam 1/516 8/533 Jeroboam I 8/516 1/538
Abijah 8/533 1/536 Nadab 1/538 1/539
Asa 1/536 1/577 Baasha 1/539 1/562
Jehoshaphat/a 1/577 1/594 Elah 1/562 1/563
Jehoshaphat & Jehoram/a 1/594 1/595 Zimri 1/563
Jehoshaphat/b 1/595 8/599 Omri & Tibni 1/563 1/564
Jehoshaphat & Jehoram/b 8/599 1/602 Omri in Tirzah 1/564 8/567
Jehoram 1/602 8/606 Omri in Samaria 8/567 1/574
Ahaziahu 8/606 1/607 Ahab 1/574 8/594
Athaliah 1/607 1/613 Ahaziah 8/594 8/595
Jehoash 1/613 7/652 Joram 8/595 8/606*
Jehoash & Amaziah 7/652 1/653 Jehu pre-Samaria 8/606* 8/607
Amaziah 1/653 1/669 Jehu in Samaria 8/607 1/636
Amaziah & Uzziah/a 1/669 8/680 Joahaz 1/636 8/650
Amaziah & Uzziah/b 8/680 1/681 Joahaz & Joash 8/650 8/652
Uzziah 1/681 8/720 Joash 8/652 1/655
Jotham 8/720 8/736 Joash & Jeroboam II 1/655 1/666
Ahaz 8/736 1/752 Jeroboam II 1/666 8/706
Hezekiah 1/752 1/781 Zechariah 8/706 2/707
Menasseh 1/781 1/836 Shallum 2/707 3/707
Amon 1/836 1/838 Menahem pre-Samaria 3/707 8/707
Josiah 1/838 1/869 Menahem in Samaria 8/707 1/718
Jehoahaz 1/869 4/869 Pekahiah 1/718 1/719
Jehoiakim 4/869 9/879 Pekahiah & Pekah 1/719 1/720
Jehoiachin 9/879 12/879 Pekah 1/720 1/740
Zedekiah 12/879 5/890 Hoshea pre-Samaria 1/740 8/748
Hoshea in Samaria 8/748 1/758
*possibly 1/607

Go to the same table, but with BCE dates
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© 1997 by Lisa Liel - lisa@starways.net

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